Patent- the plate on which the bread is placed at Communion. The style may vary from church to church and may be ornate or plain. The United Methodist Church has a tradition of plain earthenware vessels.

 

Parament- a ceremonial decoration placed on the chancel furnishings. The style and shape may vary, but the color most always reflects the liturgical color of the day. 

 

Processional Cross- the cross that has been placed on a stand and is carried into and out of the worship service. The earliest historical account of a processional cross is that of the historian Bede, writing of Augustine, the first Archbishop of Canterbury carrying a cross high above him in procession.

 

Pulpit- the tall platform from which the preacher delivers the Homily or Sermon. It is elevated so that congregants can hear the message without a microphone (although modern acoustics sometimes don’t allow this). Sometimes the pulpit has a sounding board hanging above it enhancing the acoustical quality. These pulpits vary in size, style, and material, and may be plain or ornate. 

 

Purificator- a white linen napkin originally used to wipe the chalice after each communicant received the wine (it was more common for the wine to be drunk from the chalice by the mouth). The cloth has now become largely ceremonial in churches where intinction is practiced.

 

Sacrament- a religious ceremony or act in the Christian Church that is seen as an outward and visible sign of inward divine grace. The United Methodist Church recognizes two sacraments as instituted by Jesus, baptism and Holy Communion. 

 

Stole- a piece of fabric worn by clergy during services. While there are many ideas as to the origin of the modern stole, the most commonly accepted belief is that it evolved from a sort of handkerchief. Originally worn during service and used to clean vessels, the stole has remained over the left shoulder for deacons and evolved to being draped over the neck for Elders. The style may vary, but the color matches the liturgical color of the day.